Water Well Maintenance and Rehabilitation

Your water well is the first line of defense in providing a healthy and plentiful supply of water for your family. It is often the most neglected utility in your home, however, it should receive annual inspection and maintenance just as your heating and air conditioning system does. New Jersey Wells can last for more than 20 years but will suffer the consequences of encrustation and bacteria that results in low yield and unsanitary water. Well problems do not get better with time. They often accumulate to the point of requiring a new well. A good maintenance program can prevent expensive problems and a fully functional well for many years.


In the state of New Jersey, Atlantic Well Drilling recommends an annual system inspection that includes a draw down test to determine specific and dynamic water levels and drawdown. We will inspect the pump, suction and discharge lines and connections, electrical connections, water tank pressures, sand bailing and disinfection. Usually scheduled during the non-drilling winter months, our technicians will ensure your system is operating at full capacity and make recommendations where system efficiency can be enhanced.


The result of no maintenance, rehabilitation is time-consuming and expensive. A well in the state of New Jersey, that is not maintained, can fail. Encrustation and iron bacteria build up reduces the flow of water from the aquifer into the well screen. This effect decreases the well’s recharge rate, reduces the amount of water available to be pumped and can have an effect where the pump now runs the well dry. A well screen that was improperly sized or installed can also fail resulting in sand entering the screen, which will destroy the pump and water distribution system.

When the well owner encounters these problems, Atlantic Well Drilling in New Jersey will recommend an attempt at rehabilitation over recommending a new well. Generally, a multi-step process, we will video inspect the well screen and make recommendations to the level of remediation detail from the video log. We can then treat the well with muriatic or sulfamic acid to eliminate encrustation, scrub the screen, sand bail when required, redevelop the well through our unique system of water jetting the screen and finally will hyper-chlorinate to destroy bacteria that are naturally drawn into the well through the movement of aquifer water.

A more extreme measure may be to drill the well deeper to increase reservoir capacity in the well and install a new screen, which falls just short of drilling a new well.